Solar PV Installation:
Solar PV panels or photovoltaic modules use solar cells to capture sunlight and produce electricity with it. They do this by utilizing semiconductors displaying the photovoltaic effect which causes semi-conductors such as mono-crystalline silicon or poly-crystalline silicon to react to the absorption of photons from sunlight by emitting electrons. Solar PV installations can use roofs, flat un-shaded ground or walls to fit solar PV panels and residential solar PV projects have increased in popularity due to soaring energy prices and cash profits from Feed in Tariffs.
Building Integrated Solutions – BIPV:
Building-Integrated Photovoltaic modules are available in several forms
- Flat roofs: The most widely installed to date is a thin film solar cell integrated to a flexible polymer roofing membrane.
- Pitched roofs: Modules shaped like multiple roof tiles.
- Facade: Facades can be installed on existing buildings, giving old buildings a whole new look. These modules are mounted on the facade of the building, over the existing structure, which can increase the appeal of the building and its resale value.
- Glazing: (Semi) transparent modules can be used to replace a number of architectural elements commonly made with glass or similar materials, such as windows and skylights.
Solar PV installation for residential projects can vary considerably in size depending upon the required amount of electricity that needs to be provided.
Solar Power Plants:
A photovoltaic power station (solar park or solar farm) is a power station using photovoltaic modules and inverters for utility scale electricity generation, connected to an electricity transmission grid. Some large photovoltaic power stations like Waldpolenz Solar Park and Topaz Solar Farm cover tens or hundreds of hectares and have power outputs up to hundreds of megawatts.